A garrison town.

Welcome to Greenwich

For its first 200 years, the acquisition and cultivation of farmland were the major enterprises of residents, although grist mills signaled the beginnings of local industry, and active shipping was conducted from the Mianus River. The relative calm of these years was broken by the Revolutionary War. Greenwich was a garrison town that experienced occupation by both British and American armies as well as raids from “irregulars.” The seven-year-long war fought on the roads and farms of Greenwich, which destroyed homes, crops, and human lives is an important part of the town’s history. The coming of the railroad in 1848 marked a significant improvement in transportation and brought increasing numbers of new residents to Greenwich. The Irish came to work on the railroad and settled close to Greenwich Avenue, the town center. In an adjacent neighborhood called Chickahominy, Italian stonemasons congregated to be near the Byram quarries. Other Italians settled further east in North Mianus where they worked in the Mianus Woolen Mill.

The Germans went to Byram, then known as East Port Chester, and found work in the Abendroth Foundry. Glenville, on the Byram River, attracted Poles who worked in the felt mill and Russell Burdsall & Ward, manufacturers of nuts and bolts. Each of these areas developed as distinct neighborhoods that have continued to be home to second and third-generation descendants. Greenwich also became a resort, catering to New Yorkers wishing to escape the city for the summer. Along the shore, hotels were erected to house, feed and entertain these visitors. Many decided to build homes in Greenwich, creating such areas as Belle Haven, Field Point Park, Byram Shore, and Rock Ridge. People with easily recognizable names—Benedict, Bruce, Converse, Gimble, Havemeyer, Mallory, Milbank, Rockefeller, and Teagle—amassed large landholdings where they built the estates for which Greenwich is now famous. These families became great benefactors to the new community. Greenwich bounded into the 20th century with yet another improvement in transportation; the trolley from Rye to Stamford connected Greenwich from west to east with a convenient, in-town service. The automobile then took precedence after the First World War. In 1938, the Merritt Parkway cut through the northern section of Greenwich, followed in 1957 by I-95 to the south. Once again, new arrivals swelled the population of Greenwich. This time, the newcomers were the employees of corporations leaving New York City for suburban headquarters.

​​​​​​​While the beginning of the 20th century saw the creation of great land estates, the post-World War II period witnessed their dissolution into smaller building lots that accommodated the new residents. Growth and development brought about the reorganization of town government, the consolidation of the school system, and the establishment of a network of independent, non-profit organizations, which supply the town with its social services and cultural institutions. The second half of the century saw a growing concern in Greenwich for protecting its heritage, resulting in the creation of two local historic districts, 23 buildings and areas listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and the acquisition of undeveloped land as park and conservation areas. Greenwich is a special place to its residents who work hard as volunteers on its behalf.

Market Data for Greenwich Real Estate

Household Incomes

Housing Stock

Median Sale Price

August, 2021


3.4% since July, 2021

-1.4% since August, 2020

August, 2021 July, 2021August, 2020
MEDIAN SALE PRICE $2,062,500-6.2%20.6%
AVERAGE SALE PRICE $2,109,0639.3%13.1%
HOMES SOLD 1614.3%128.6%
% OF SALE PRICE TO LIST PRICE 98.16-0.4%1.4%
HOMES FOR SALE 27-10.0%-41.3%
MONTHS OF INVENTORY1.69-21.3%-74.3%
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